SSC CGL Syllabus 2023

SSC CGL Syllabus 2022 is released by SSC along with official notification. CGL Full form is Combined Graduate Level Examination which is conducted by Staff Selection Commission (SSC) every year to apply for various group B and group C level posts in government departments. The CGL exam is conducted in 4 Tiers where candidates are tested across 4 sections i.e., Maths, English, Reasoning and General Awareness. A thorough understanding of SSC CGL Syllabus is necessary to clear the exam.


Tier 1 is the first phase of SSC CGL exam and is conducted in online mode. The exam consists of 100 MCQs to be answered in 60 minutes. 2 marks are awarded for right answers whereas 0.5 is deducted for wrong answer. There is no negative marking for leaving any question.

The table below provided the SSC CGL exam pattern.

SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam Pattern:


SSC CGL Tier 1 Maths Syllabus:

Simplification: Fractions; Square roots
Arithmetic: Ratio, Proportion, Variation & Partnership; Percentage, Profit & Loss, Simple & Compound Interest; Average, Mixture & Alligation; Time & Work; Time, Speed & Distance
Geometry: Lines & Angles; Triangles; Circles; Quadrilaterals & Polygons; Mensuration; Trigonometry
Algebra: Simple Equations; Algebraic Identities; Numbers
Data Interpretation: Tables & Graphs

SSC CGL Tier 1 English Syllabus:

Spellings Correction
Error Spotting
Reading Comprehension
One word Substitution
Sentence Rearrangement
Phrases and Idioms
Fill in the Blanks
Sentence Improvement
Sentence Correction
Active Passive
Cloze test

SSC CGL Tier 1 Reasoning Syllabus:

Alphabet Test
Logical Venn diagram
Counting of figures
Missing Number
Distance direction test
Arithmetic Reasoning
Paper-cutting & folding
Blood Relation
Embedded figures
Pattern Completion
Cube & Dice
Coding decoding
Figure Series
Mirror Image

SSC CGL Tier 1 General Awareness Syllabus:

Current Affairs,
Economy & Finance,
Indian Polity & Constitution,
Science & Technology,
Static GK


Tier 2 is the second phase of SSC CGL exam and is divided into 4 sections i.e., Quantitative Ability, Statistics, General Studies (Finance & Economics), and English Language & Comprehension. It is also a computer-based test (CBT) similar to the Tier 1 exam. At this stage, candidates will have to give four exams with 100 questions in each section, except English (200 questions). And there is a negative marking of 0.25 mark for each incorrect answer. The detailed SSC CGL Tier 2 syllabus 2022 for each subject is mentioned in the sections below.

SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus 2022: Important Things To Remember

Paper-I & II are compulsory for all the categories of posts.
Paper-III is only for those candidates who apply for the post of Junior Statistical Officer.
Paper IV is only for those candidates who apply for the post of Assistant Audit Officer.

SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Pattern:


SSC CGL Tier 2 Maths Syllabus:

We have listed all the important topics of the quantitative aptitude section in the SSC CGL Tier 2 syllabus below. The syllabus of SSC CGL Tier 1 and Tier 2 is the same but the difficulty level of SSC CGL Tier 2 is much higher. You will rarely find any question which is formula-based. Check out the SSC CGL Maths syllabus for tier 2 below:

SSC CGL Tier 2 English Syllabus

In the SSC CGL syllabus for Tier 2, there will be 200 questions in the English section that carry a maximum of 200 marks. Direct & Indirect, Active & Passive topics have a good weightage in the English paper of SSC CGL Tier 2. We have listed all the important topics of the English Language section in the Tier 2 SSC CGL syllabus below.

SSC CGL Tier 2 Statistics Syllabus

The knowledge of Statistics is tested through this section of the Tier 2 SSC CGL syllabus. However, candidates must note that only those who applied for the Jr. Statistical Investigator post will have to appear for this exam. The detailed SSC CGL syllabus Tier 2 Statistics is listed below:

  • Collection Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data: Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
  • Measures of Central Tendency: Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
  • Measures of Dispersion: Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
  • Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis: Different types of moments and their relationship; the meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
  • Correlation and Regression: Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman‟s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlations (For three variables only).
  • Probability Theory: Important topics in the tier 2 SSC CGL syllabus include, Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‟ theorem.
  • Random Variable and Probability Distributions: Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variables (discrete).
  • Index Numbers: Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of an index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.
  • Sampling Theory: Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.
    Statistical Inference: Point estimation and interval estimation, properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
  • Analysis of Variance: Analysis of one-way classified data and two way classified data.
  • Time Series Analysis: Components of time series, Determinations of trend components by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.

SSC CGL Syllabus Tier 2 General Studies, Finance and Economics:

The SSC CGL syllabus Tier 2 for Finance and Economics consists of a total of 100 questions carrying 200 marks in total. The main focus of this section is to check the candidate's knowledge of finance and economics. This section is divided into two categories Finance & Accounts and Economics & Governance. Check out the syllabus for SSC CGL Tier 2 for Finance and Economics.

  • Part A: Finance and Accounts - (80 marks):

Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of Original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, Ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & Loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet, Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers

  • Part B: Economics and Governance - (120 marks):

Comptroller & Auditor General of India: Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility, Finance Commission-Role and functions.
Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Microeconomics: Definition, Scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study, Central problems of an economy, Production possibilities curve

Theory of Demand and Supply:
Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, Theory of consumers’ behaviour, Income and cross elasticity
Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach
Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply
The elasticity of Supply

Theory of Production and cost:
Meaning and Factors of production, Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.

Forms of Market and price determination in different markets: Various forms of markets-Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly, Price determination in these markets.

Indian Economy:
Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors, Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth.
National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication.
Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
Economic Reforms in India: Economic reforms since 1991, Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation, Disinvestment

Money and Banking:
Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks, Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments, Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.

Role of Information Technology in Governance.


The SSC CGL syllabus for Tier 3 is much different from the syllabus of the above two Tiers. Tier 3 exam is a descriptive exam that assesses students' writing skills in English or Hindi. Students must write essays, precis, applications, and letters in this test, which is conducted offline (pen and paper style). The exam is worth 100 marks, and you have 60 minutes to complete it. The amount of time allocated to PwD candidates has been extended to 80 minutes. Tier 3 exams are taken by candidates who are only interested in the positions of "Statistical Investigator Grade-II" and "Compiler." Check out the SSC CGL syllabus 2022 for Tier 3 below:



The SSC CGL Tier 4 exam is a computer-based assessment. The SSC CGL syllabus 2022 for Tier 4 is divided into two parts:

  • Computer Proficiency Test (CPT)
  • Data Entry Speed Test (DEST)

DEST: DEST or Data Entry Speed Test is used to evaluate a candidate's typing abilities. Candidates must type 2000 words in English on a computer in 15 minutes. Candidates are given an English article that they must type on a computer. The DEST Exam is used to assess a candidate's typing speed for the position of Tax Assistant (Central Excise and Income Tax).

CPT: CPT or Computer Proficiency Test is conducted to check a candidate’s proficiency in Word Processing, Spreadsheets and Generation of Slides. These skills are tested by the SSC for the post of CSS, MEA, Inspector (Central Excise), Inspector (Preventive Officer), Inspector (Examiner).

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